Dekra Mohammed Bazarah
Background: Lack of knowledge and awareness about Hepatitis C in the community often leads to misinformation, missing of opportunities for prevention and treatment, and stigmatization of infected populations.
Objectives: To assess the knowledge of hepatitis C as well as to identify the educational and counseling health needs of hepatitis C among patients who attend the outpatient clinics, at King Abdul-Aziz university hospital in Jeddah city, 2013.
Subjects and Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study design was adopted among all adult male and female patients diagnosed with hepatitis c infection during 2012 at king Abdul-Aziz University hospital, Jeddah. A validated questionnaire was utilized for data collection. It consists of (30) items included socio-demographic data and assessment of patient’s knowledge regarding hepatitis c, its mode of transmission, prevention, treatment, and complications.
Results: A response rate of 85.7% has been achieved. The study included 132 patients. Majority of them were male (70%). Their age ranged between 16 and 76 years with a mean of 44 ±16 years. Regarding their hepatitis C knowledge, more than half of them (54%) answered correct answers. The mean ± SD knowledge score for “correct”, false”, and “don’t know” answers was 15 ± 5.6, 5 ± 2.7and 8 ± 6.5, respectively. Given that, the total score was 28. Majority of participants (68%) reported that they did not receive counseling related to hepatitis C from physicians. In general females were more aware about hepatitis C than males. The middle age group “46-55 years” had the highest correct score while the age group “older than 60years” scored the lowest. Twelve questions out of 28 showed different results between single and married groups with better scores among married patients with statistical significance (p-value <0.05). The “higher educational” group scored the lowest correct answers than less educated. Regarding occupation, housewives scored the highest correct answers whereas the unemployed patients scored the lowest in correct answers.
Conclusion: Our study concludes the patients knowledge of the hazards of possessing the hepatitis C infection, the different ways of hepatitis C infection transmission and the risk factors lead to the infection is deficient and need to be improved.