Prevalence with Assessment of Parent’s Awareness about the Difference between True Strabismus and Pseudostrabismus in the First Two Years of Life in King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia in 2013

Malikah Al-Ghalib Alsharef

JPFCM, Jeddah

Background: Strabismus is one of the most commonly known eye conditions in infants, children and adults. Its impact on the affected patient may be severe resulting in visual loss, lack of binocularity, diplopia, social stigma and multiple corrective surgeries within the affected individual’s lifespan.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of true strabismus and pseudostrabismus as well as to assess parents awareness about the difference between them in the first two years of life in the well-baby clinic in King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia in 2013.

Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted during a period of approximately 6 months starting from September 2013. It included all male and female parents attending the well-baby clinic and their children aged two years and below in KAUH in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia during the time of conducting the study. Inquiry about awareness of parents about the difference between strabismus and pseudostrabismus was implemented through a self-administered validated questionnaire constructed by the researcher in English and Arabic. 11

Results: The study included 104 participants who attended the well-baby clinic and their children aged two years and below at KAUH in Jeddah. Their age ranged between 16 and 60 years with a mean of 31.1 years and standard deviation of 8.4 years. Regarding awareness of the participants regarding different types of strabismus, outward deviation and inward deviation were recognized by 28.8% and 26% of the participants, respectively whereas 15.4% of the participants didn`t know any type of strabismus. More than half of females (50.7%) compared to 30.3% of males recognized correctly that small interpupillary distance is a cause of pseudostrabismus. Overall correct answers were more significantly reported among higher educated participants.

Conclusion: Knowledge of parents and other taking care of children regarding strabismus and pseudostrabismus is suboptimal, particularly among males and lower educated parents.

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