Prevalence and Factors Associated Depression Among Health Workers in National Guard Hospital in Riyadh, KSA

Nour ALFahhad

National Guard Program, Riyadh

Background :Depression is a common mental disorder that presents with depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, decreased energy, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration
The incidence of depression worldwide has risen every year since the early 20th century, According to WHO. depression is the leading cause of disability for both males and females, the burden of depression is 50% higher for females than male ,Depression is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide , accounted for 4.4% the global disability.
In Saudi Arabia, many studies were conducted to find out if there is any association between Gender and risk of developing depression among Saudi nationals, regardless of the age, and eventually they did show significant results pointing to the fact that the males were less likely to be depressed compared to females.

Objective: Measuring the prevalence of depression among health workers in National Guard Hospital in Riyadh Saudi Arabia.

Method: The cross-sectional study was conduct on health care worker of king Abdulaziz Medical city, Riyadh by using PHQ-9 scoring system,subjects recruited by convenience sampling.

Results:A total of 300 completed questionnaire retrained 100 % of response rate,the main outcome of the sample as initial diagnosis about 4% of the health care worker having depression, 6.7% of them have major depressive disorder and 11.4 % have symptoms of depression.

Conclusion: depression is of the major mental illness could affect the productivity and may cause disability in health care worker. Type of shifts, working hours and early years of experience found to be a risk for depression among health workers. Health worker need screening and supporting programs to avoid disability secondary to depression



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