Knowledge, Attitude and Motivations Towards Blood Donation Among Male Teachers in AlIskan District Schools in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, 2015

Ahmed Waslallah Alqurashi

Makkah Joint Program

 Background: Blood donation is very important in saving the humans. In Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), health service has been developed and has undergone a brisk evolution. Currently, the origin of donated blood in KSA is involuntary donors and voluntary unpaid donors.

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of blood donation, level of knowledge, attitude, practice and motivators for blood donation .

Subjects and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study included a representative random sample of male teachers working in AlIskan district schools (primary, intermediate and secondary) in Makkah Al-Mukarramah throughout the scholastic year 2015-2016. Self-administrated valid and reliable questionnaire was used to collect personal information, knowledge, attitude towards blood donation as well as obstacles and motivating factors for donation.

Results: The study included 114 teachers out of 133 invited to participate (response rate was 85.7%). Their age ranged between 23 and 55 years (38.5±8.4 years). Friends and/or relatives were XII the main sources information regarding blood donation (62.3%), followed by newspapers/magazines (14%). Overall, good level of knowledge regarding blood donation was observed among 43% of the participants. Married teachers were significantly more knowledgeable about blood donation compared to unmarried teachers (47.3% versus 23.8%), p=0.049. Slightly more than half of male teachers (52.6%) reported a history of donating blood. Experience of blood donation was positive among all donors and will donate in the future if asked. Among those who did not donate blood, the most frequent reported reason was not being asked by anyone to donate blood (70.4%), followed by having not enough information about blood donation (66.7%). Regarding motivators for blood donation, majority of the participants (85.1%) reported that mobile blood donation caravans in public areas (malls, plazas and streets) and one day off are a good motivational factor for donating blood.

Conclusions: Attitude of male teachers towards blood donation in the present study is generally satisfactory although their knowledge regarding some aspects concerning donation is suboptimal.

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