Dr.Hussain Adel Al Suwaid
Saudi Board in Family Medicine Residency Program – Dammam University – 2013
Introduction and background:Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an extremely challenging disease of global concern. The highest prevalence of SCD in Saudi Arabia is in the Eastern province .Compared to all other areas of Saudi Arabia, Al-Qatif area has the highest gene frequencies for HbS and G-6-PD deficiency genes.
The Objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and misconceptions about sickle cell disease of adults (≥18 Y) with sickle cell anemia in the Qatif area, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, and study factors that may affect them.
Material and Methods :A cross- sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 320 patients aged ≥18years with sickle cell anemia, who attend the medical outpatient clinics in Qatif central hospital and primary care centers in the Qatif area, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia.
Result:300 participants completed their questionnaire. In general, 56.3% had poor knowledge of the disease. 58.3% had good knowledge of the genetic transmission. The knowledge of 46.7% about the precipitating factors was poor.59.3% had poor knowledge of the diet of people with sickle cell disease and 81.3% had poor knowledge of the diet of people with G6PD deficiency .
Conclusion: Our study revealed significant widespread misconceptions of patients with sickle cell anemia especially relating to their diet