Knowledge, attitude and practice of obesity management among senior and junior Family Medicine trainees in Makkah Province

Dr. Afra S Al Ayed

Joint Program Family & Community Medicine, Jeddah – 2014

BACKGROUND: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommended a screening for obesity for adults above 18.  As obesity is a new challenge to public health where intervention and prevention is required, skills development of diagnosis and management are strongly essential for family medicine trainees to face this challenge.

OBJECTIVES: To compare obesity knowledge, attitude and practice among senior and junior trainees in family medicine programs in Makkah province, 2014.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:  A cross-sectional analytical study was implemented among family medicine trainees (seniors: final year family medicine trainees (n=40) and Juniors: new trainees (n=55) for October 2014 who did not receive any courses in the programs) in Makkah province (Jeddah, Makkah and Taif cities). Self-administered valid questionnaire had been used for collecting data.

RESULTS:Ninety two (92)family medicine trainees had participated (40 seniors and 52 juniors) in the study out of 95 recruited giving a response rate of 96.8%. Their age ranged between 24 and 35 years with a mean of 28.18±2.72 years. More than half of the family medicine trainees (54.3%) were females. Overall, the attitude towards obesity management score ranged between 64 and 92 with a mean of 79.92±5.47. More than half of them (54.3%) expressed positive attitude toward obesity management. The Practice of diagnostic methods score ranged between 14 and 27 with a mean of 21.09±2.97. More than half of them (58.7%) showed good practice of obesity diagnostic methods. The Practice of weight management score ranged between 20 and 38 with a mean of 31.21±2.86. More than half of them (56.5%) showed good practice of weight management. The practice of weight reduction device score ranged between 20 and 34 with a mean of 27.21±2.15. Most of the family medicine trainees (71.7%) showed good practice of weight reduction advice. No significant difference was detected between senior and junior family medicine trainees in all studied parameters.

CONCLUSION: Family medicine trainees in Makkah Province had above average attitude towards obesity management, practice in weight management and practice of obesity diagnostic methods. However, they had good practice of weight reduction advice

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