The effect of health education on knowledge and suspicion index about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among kindergarten female teachers Jeddah 2015, interventional study

Dr. Safia Abdullah Humaidan

Joint Program Family & Community Medicine, Jeddah – 2014

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental childhood disorders and may continue through adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused or paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity. A poor academic performance, trouble interacting with peers and conflicts with authorities is common complications of the disorder. Because ADHD diagnosis based on observations of a child’s behavior, teachers play a key role in the process of its referral and diagnosis. This study is conducted to assess the knowledge and suspicion index pre and post intervention (lecture) among female kindergarten teachers in Jeddah.

Method: 37 female teachers were chosen from four kindergarten schools that were randomly selected from each educational region in Jeddah. A self-administered questionnaire was used for assessing the knowledge and level of suspicion index about ADHD before, immediately after giving the lecture and six to eight weeks later.

Result: 37 teachers had been included in the study in pre intervention assessment of knowledge and suspicion index, they had attended the lecture ,89% (n=33) of them refilled the questionnaire immediately after intervention, and 76%(n=29) participated in the long assessment. Teachers had insufficient knowledge in a first assessment with mean percentage 55.7%( ± 9), and one-third of them had a high suspicion index. The mean percentage of knowledge significantly improved after lecture to 77.4% (± 5.7), and 75.8% (n=25) of participants were having a high level of suspicion. In the six to eight weeks post intervention assessment, the mean percentage became 70.4%(± 6.9) and more than half of participants still had a high level suspicion index. Study showed a positive correlation between the level of knowledge and suspicion index.

Conclusion: The intervention significantly improved the knowledge and suspicion index of teachers about ADHD in immediate and long assessment.

Recommendation: cooperation between ministry of education and ministry of health needs to improve teachers’ knowledge and suspicion index about ADHD.

Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/ADHD /kindergarten/knowledge/teachers.

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