Dr. Amani Hashim Al-Shamrani
Joint Program Family & Community Medicine, Jeddah – 2014
Background: Energy drinks are beverages that compose of vasoactive metabolites and sugars with added dietary supplements. These drinks are mainly targeted toward adolescents and young adults. A significant proportion of users have experienced side-effects such as palpitations, headaches and sleep disturbances.
Objective: The broad objective of this study is to improve the knowledge the female students about the consumption of energy drinks and associated health hazards.
Material and Method: This study was conducted in two phases. The first phase was cross sectional in which 248 female students from two intermediate schools in Jeddah were included. The second phase was done by quasi-experimental study design through health education. In both phases self-administered questionnaires were used.
Results: The prevalence of energy drinks use among intermediate school female students in two selected schools was 40%. The inspiration for first use was curiosity (72%). The most common reason to continue energy drinks consumption was enjoying the nice taste of these drinks (69%). The most frequently reported side effects were stomachache (20%), then insomnia in (17%). This study showed that 60% of students did not know the energy drinks ingredients. The prevalence of energy drinks consumption was higher among students with father education less than university degree (P-value 0.02). There was a significant improvement in the knowledge score in the second phase. The mean pre-interventional knowledge parentage was 47% while the mean post-interventional knowledge parentage was 76%.
Conclusion: Unfortunately, even though energy drinks are prohibited for less than 16 years of age people, this study found the energy drinks use is prevalent among intermediate school female students in two selected schools. The educational intervention was successful in improvement of students’ knowledge regarding energy drinks. Recommending further studies to assess the effect of educational intervention on attitude and practice toward energy drinks consumption