Dr.Neda’a Saud Bokhari
Joint Program of Family Medicine – Makkah Al-Mokarramah – 2014
It is recognized that the health of physicians directly impacts the health of the larger population, as numerous studies have established a link between the health behaviors of physicians and their interactions with patients.
To assess obesity and its risk factors as well as to measure nutritional habits among family medicine trainees in Makkah AlMukarramah city in 2013-2014
Subjects and Methods:
A cross sectional study was carried out including all family Medicine trainees in Makkah, from R1 to R4, they are accounted for 61 doctors (27 male, 34 female). A self-administered questionnaire was utilized. It is divided into six parts: Demographic data, weight and height measurements, smoking habit, physical exercise using General Practice Physical Activity Questionnaire [GPPAQ] and nutrition assessment by Food Frequency Questionnaire. The researcher met all the respondents and measured their weight and height, then every subject was asked to fulfill the self administered questionnaire.
Out of 61 family medicine trainees recruited for study, 60 responded by filling in the study questionnaire, giving a response rate of 98.4%. Their age ranged between 25 and 35 years with a mean of 28.17 years and standard deviation of 2.38 years. More than half of them (55%) were females. Most of them (71.7%) were married. All were Saudis. More than a quarter of family medicine trainees (26.7%) were obese and 21.7% were overweight whereas 48.3% were normal. Underweight was reported among two of them (3.3%). Obesity was more observed among male family medicine trainees than females (44.4% versus 12.1%). This difference was statistically significant, p=0.001. Almost two thirds of physically inactive family medicine trainees (62.5%) were obese compared to 6.2% of those physically active, p=0.033. Family medicine trainees who reported intake of soft drinks with sugar showed higher significant rate of overweight and obesity compared to those who never intake soft drinks with sugar (24.5% versus 13.3% and 33.3% versus 6.7%, respectively, p=0.034).
Prevalence of overweight and obesity was high among family medicine trainees in Makkah region, KSA. Physical inactivity, male gender and frequent intake of soft drinks with sugar were found to be predictors of obesity among family medicine trainees in Makkah almukarramah city