Knowledge and attitude regarding Influenza vaccination among physicians at Al-Noor specialist hospital, Makkah Al-Mukarramah

Dr. RashaTurki Al-Matrafi

Joint Program of Family Medicine, Makkah AL-Mukarramah – 2013/2014

Background: Healthcare facilities are an ideal environment for the rapid spread of influenza, and healthcare workers (HCWs) are the primary group of carriers of influenza to their patients.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of influenza vaccination, assess knowledge, and attitude toward it and identify reasons for electing or declining influenza immunization among physicians at Al-Noor specialist hospital, Makkah Al-Mukarramah, 2013.

Subjects and Methods: This is a cross- sectional study included a representative sample of physicians working at Al-Noor specialist hospital during the study period in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, 2013. A simple random sampling technique was used based on a list of names of all physicians at Al-Noor specialist hospital. Self-administered questionnaire was used for collecting data. It consists of three parts: socio-demographic variables, attitude and beliefs toward influenza vaccination, reasons for accepting influenza vaccine, reasons for refusal influenza vaccine  and  respondents knowledge about the influenza and the efficacy, potential adverse events, and recommendations associated with influenza immunization.

Results: The study included 210 physicians out of 222 recruited in this study with a response rate of 94.6%. Their age ranged between 24 and 61 years with a mean (SD) of 35.07 (7.52) years. Males represent 55.2% and Saudis represent 54.8% of them. 41.4% of physicians at Al-Noor specialized hospital reported a history of taking influenza vaccination in the last year. Older, more experienced, consultant, and ICU physicians as well as those having history of chronic illness and those believed that they are at risk of influenza were more likely to have influenza vaccine. 41.4% of the physicians at Al-Noor specialized hospital had insufficient knowledge regarding influenza vaccination whereas only 10% had excellent knowledge. Surgeons, ER physicians and those having history of chronic illness were more knowledgeable. There was a significant association between taking influenza vaccine and level of knowledge about it.

Conclusion: Uptake of seasonal influenza vaccine and knowledge about it among physicians in Al-Noor specialized hospital in Makkah are suboptimal. The most frequent reasons for rejecting the vaccine were varies about its adverse effects and thinking that  influenza is not a serious disease.

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