Dr. Sarah Fathallah A. Saleh
Joint program of family medicine in Makkah – 2013
Diabetes mellitus is emerging as a major public health problem in Saudi Arabia in parallel with the worldwide diabetes pandemic. Diabetes is well studied in Saudi Arabia; however, there seems to be little research in the area of awareness, education and health care delivery.
To assess awareness about diabetes mellitus and determine its associated factors among attendees of Al-Eskan primary health care center in Makkah AL-Mokarramah.
It is a cross-section study including a representative sample of attendees of AL-Eskan primary health care center, Makkah Al-Mokkaramah, Saudi Arabia during the study period (1-31 October 2011). The dependant variable was the awareness about diabetes mellitus while the independent variables were age, gender, educational status, family history of diabetes mellitus and source of information. An Arabic validated self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection.
Two-hundreds and eighteen attendees of El-Eskan primary health care center were included in the study. Their mean age was 27.8±11 years. Most of them were females (73.4%) and Saudi (77.5%).The prevalence of diabetes mellitus among participants was 12.8% while family history of diabetes was reported by almost two-thirds of the participants (64.7%). Friends/relatives, media and educational sectors (schools, universities) were the most commonly reported sources of information about DM. Healthcare sector (physicians, nurses) were reported by 18.3% as a source of information about DM. The overall knowledge score was good in 18.8% of the participants while in most of them (74.3%) the knowledge score was described as fair while it was poor in 6.9% of them. Among studied factors, educational level, history of DM and source of information were significantly associated with DM knowledge score.
This study shows that, population in Makkah AL-Mokkaramah has enough knowledge of the general knowledge of diabetes regarding risk factors, symptoms, etc. However, they are not very well aware of the diabetes associated complications