Prevalence Of Obesity Among Primary School Female Children In Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah

Dr.Sahar Ibrahim Najdi

Joint Program  – AlMadinah – 2016

Obesity is becoming a worldwide problem affecting all levels of society and thus it is a global epidemic.(1) The highest rates of childhood obesity was observed in the developed countries, and its prevalence is increasing in the developing countries. The prevalence of childhood obesity is high in the Middle Eastern, Central and Eastern European countries. (2) Childhood obesity is a complex, multi-factorial serious medical condition defined as an excessively increase amount of body fat or adipose tissues in relation to lean body mass.(3) The most widely used method to measure obesity is the body mass index (BMI). However, in childhood the body mass index changes substantially with age. So, clear-cut off point are still needed to define obesity in children.(4) The numerous psychological, physical and economic consequences of obesity are well known. Childhood obesity affects self-esteem and has negative consequences on the cognitive and social development.(5;6) Conditions such as hyperlipidemia, hypertension, abnormal glucose tolerance, obstructive sleep apnea, and infertility, which were noted primarily in adults, are becoming more common among children with the increase in the prevalence of obesity.(7)

This study aim to determine the prevalence of obesity and describe the risk factors among primary school female children in Al-Madinah Al- Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. In addition to providing the baseline information for future comparison regarding the possible factors underlying the high prevalence of childhood obesity among primary school children in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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